La Parité politique

       Les 33 premières députés

         Cette idée est née en 1980, dans le milieu intellectuel. Elle prend forme en 1982 avec la sortie du livre « Au pouvoir citoyennes ! Liberté, Egalité, Parité ». Les auteures Françoise Gaspard, Claude Servan-Schreiber et Anne Le Gall s’appuient sur un constat : 94% des élus sont des hommes.

         L’ « Observatoire de la parité » est créé en 1995 pour recenser les inégalités entre les sexes, puis remet un rapport au Premier ministre en 1997 qui prend alors l’initiative de réformer la Constitution.

         Le 28 juin 1999, une loi est adoptée favorisant l’égal accès des femmes et des hommes aux mandats électoraux et aux fonctions électives.

         Le 6 juin 2000, une nouvelle loi est adoptée : elle impose que 50% des groupements ou partis politiques soient formés de femmes. Suite aux législatives de 2002 le résultat n’est pas flagrant : 71 femmes deviennent députés sur 577 sièges ; en 1945 elles étaient 33.

         Actuellement, les femmes tentent d’obtenir 50% des postes des assemblées politiques, alors qu’elles ne sont que 10,5% à siéger à l’Assemblée Nationale.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 votes. Moyenne 5.00 sur 5.

Commentaires (246)

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